Artificial intelligence is the use of computers to capture human brains in limited domains. This is a result of computer revolution whereby systems developed behave intellectually, reason rationally and have the ability to effectively interpret the environment in real time. Artificial intelligence outperforms every scientist or mathematician in their way of thinking. They have made it possible to simulate complex activities that need professional expertise. Chess playing program is an excellent example of an intellectual system. The specially designed chess engine which plays as the human opponent is capable of counting millions of moves which is incapable to human beings.
Artificial Intelligence is definitely a touchy subject for the human race. The very mention of the term conjures up images of apocalyptic societies where intelligent super-computers have either enslaved the human race or eradicated the inferior species altogether. For some, the connotation of “artificial intelligence” attacks the very core of the human spirit, the pride of our race. The very thought of an “intelligent” computer that is on par, or more likely superior, to our own brain sends chills down the spine..
Artificial intelligence has revolutionized the world of business, gaming, academia, medicine, weather forecasting, controlling flights amongst other fields. It is unquestionable that the implementation and incorporation of artificial intelligence in computer revolution has brought about greater impacts into people’s lives. Many organizations with their different needs have benefited from this revolution. The military for example has been able to design robots to access remote areas that are inaccessible and dangerous to the lives of militants.The ability to invent intelligent machines has fascinated humans since the ancient times. Researchers are creating systems and programs that could mimic human thoughts and try doing things that human could do. The artificial Intelligence is a combination of computer science, physiology and philosophy. The Artificial Intelligence has come a long way from the old days. It was with the invention of the computers that the Artificial Intelligence method began to maneuver researchers. The technology was finally available and seemed to stimulate intelligent behavior. Intelligent here means, things which could be done at a faster pace and thinking than a human mind. The insights and theory brought about the Artificial Intelligence will set a trend in the future. The current products are just the beginning of the future trend.
The Artificial intelligence research is highly technical and specialized. The research of the Artificial Intelligence is based on two main lines. One line is based on the biological thinking where the Artificial Intelligence is based on the idea of human thinking and that system should work like how humans think. The second line is about phenomenal which is based on formalizing common sense and facts about the world. Somehow both the researches intersect and may succeed eventually. With the input of Artificial Intelligence, it is expected that many of the problems, the machines are expected to solve and that would require an extensive knowledge of the world. A lot of knowledge in various aspects has to be acquired in attaining the knowledge for an AI to function correctly.
by: Ammara Siddique