Dreams are the most fascinating part of human psychology. Many psychologists tried to explain what a dream is and many theories were brought forward. Most eminent is the work of Sigmund Freud in understanding and interpretation of dreams. According to Freud, dreams are the expressions of ideas and desires that remain unsatisfied in one’s life. Some other people also think that dreams have relationship with the unconscious world of human minds.
Dreams occur in rapid eye-movement stage of sleep when brain activity is high. They may occur in other stages but those dreams are vivid and less memorable. Dreams can last for few seconds to up to 20 minutes. Person watching a dream do not has control over the events occurring except for the lucid dreams in which person is aware of the fact that he is dreaming and may consciously control what he is watching.
The definition of dreams and their interpretation varies widely across the civilizations, through the cultures and in the religious perspectives. Muslims believe that the interpretation of dream is a revelation from God after the death of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). In Judaism, dreams are considered part of the experience of the world that can be interpreted and from which lessons can be garnered. Hebrews and Christians believe that dreams are of supernatural element and that good dreams are from God and bad from the evil.
Dream interpretation can be a result of subjective ideas and experiences. A recent study conducted by the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology concluded that most people believe that “their dreams reveal meaningful hidden truths”. The study was conducted in the United States, South Korea and India. 74% Indians, 65% South Koreans and 56% Americans believe in Freud’s dream theories.
Dalai Lama said, “Sleep is the best meditation” just because we dream. In Buddhism, lucid dreams were used as tool to communicate and considered them as a path to enlightenment. Buddhist monks practiced various spiritual disciplines; receive initiations, empowerment and transmissions, and meet enlightened beings through lucid dreams.
Dreams have been very notorious in history, cultures, civilizations and religions. Most of the people believe in dreams from their own perspectives.
By: Aimon Malghani