Turkish Airlines (THY) pilots Murat Akpınar and Murat Ağca had been held since their kidnapping in August in Beirut. A private jet carried the pilots out of Beirut’s international airport on Saturday night as family members of the kidnapped pilgrims anxiously waited there for their arrival. The plane landed in İstanbul at 11:00 p.m. local time.
The Turks’ release is part of a negotiated hostage deal that included the freeing of the kidnapped pilgrims, as well as dozens of women held in Syrian government jails.
The nine Shiite pilgrims were kidnapped in May 2012 while on their way from Iran to Lebanon via Turkey and Syria.
Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, however, dismissed claims that the release of Turkish pilots was part of a three-way hostage deal. He said in a televised interview on Saturday night that the kidnapping of the Turkish pilots has nothing to do with Syria and that the hostage exchange deal between rebels and the Syrian regime is a separate process.
Residents of the mostly Shiite southern suburb of Beirut fired celebratory gunfire into the air, waved the Lebanese national flag and recited poetry in anticipation of seeing their loved ones.
Lebanese Interior Minister Marwan Charbel said that the pilgrims should arrive at the international airport in Lebanon’s capital, Beirut.
“It’s a wedding for us; it’s a celebration,” Charbel said from the airport.
The pilgrims were held by Syrian rebels who initially demanded that the Lebanese Shiite group Hezbollah end its involvement in the Syria’s civil war, now well into its third year. They later softened their demands to the release of imprisoned women held by security forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad.
Assad has drawn support from Syria’s ethnic and religious minorities, including Christians and members of his Alawite sect. The rebels are dominated by Syria’s Sunni Muslim majority. Lebanese Shiite group Hezbollah have played a critical role in recent battlefield victories for forces loyal to Assad. Hard-line Sunni fighters have backed the rebels.
The pilgrims’ kidnapping set off a series of tit-for-tat kidnappings by Shiite clansmen inside Lebanon, including that of the two Turkish pilots. The gunmen hoped to pressure Turkey to help release the pilgrims.
Turkey is believed to have close relations to some Syrian rebel groups. All three groups of captives – the Lebanese pilgrims, the Turkish pilots and the imprisoned Syrian women – are meant to be released in coming days as part of the negotiated deal.
Hopeful families crowded into Beirut’s international airport, waiting for their loved ones.
“I miss you as much as the size of all the sky,” said a young girl waiting for her father, speaking to a local Lebanese television station. Her mother stood beside her, sobbing.
Lebanese, Turkish and Syrian officials declined to immediately offer more details of the complicated, multilateral exchange. The deal appeared to be mostly mediated by the resource-rich Gulf state of Qatar, which has supported Syrian rebels in their battle against the Assad government. Palestinian officials also mediated.
It is one of the more ambitious negotiated settlements to come out of Syria’s civil war, where the warring sides remain largely opposed to any bartered peace. But it suggested that the parties — and their regional backers — were more prepared to deal with each other than at any other previous time in the conflict.
The Lebanese pilgrims crossed into Turkey late on Friday.
At least 100,000 Syrians have been killed in the civil war.