The epicenter of a major earthquake is someplace you really don’t want to be. Not only does the shaking tend to be most violent there, but there’s also no time to look for shelter. Even a few seconds of warning can make the difference between life and death. And now, scientists say, there’s an app for that.
Writing in the journal Science Advances, Sarah Minson of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and California Institute of Technology and several colleagues claim that plain old smartphones can detect quakes, pinpoint their location, and calculate when the shaking will arrive.
The USGS is spending tens of millions of dollars developing an early warning system called ShakeAlert that will use texts and emails to alert people that a quake has just let loose.
But some earthquake-prone nations—in Central and South America, for example, or the Caribbean, or south Asia—don’t have tens of millions of dollars to spare, or networks of seismographs. That’s why Minson and the USGS Earthquake Hazards Program are working on a much cheaper alternative. “This is a really clever idea that leverages an existing resource,” says Kristine Larson, a University of Colorado aerospace engineer who studies how GPS systems can be useful in the earth sciences. Larson wasn’t involved in this research.
Smartphones could be ideal for rapid earthquake warning, Minson and her colleagues realized, because they have built-in GPS sensors and accelerometers, which detect movement. That’s how they know where they are at all times, and when they’re being shaken. Phones closer to the epicenter will start shaking first, followed by phones a little farther away, so the timing and the intensity—which drops off with distance—allows the system to calculate where and how powerful the quake is.
The phones are also part of a pre-existing data network, so it’s trivially easy to program them to send news of a quake to a central location, where the data are merged to form an overall picture of the unfolding disaster. And that same network can blast an alert out to anyone in the danger zone.
The phone signals and processing happen at nearly light speed, but it’s reasonable to wonder if even that is fast enough. If your phone is already shaking, it’s arguably too late to do anything about it…. see more
source: national geographic