Two years back, Tahrir square was flooded with masses that were raising slogans against the atrocious and rigour rule of Hosni Mubarak comprising of more than five decades. The sprawling masses resisted against the long dictatorial rule of Hosni Mubarak. They want to get rid of precarious crisis which ushered complete turmoil in the life of every individual. They resisted against it zealously and at last surmounted this excruciating phase of humiliation.

But now after two years, Egypt is standing on the same position. Egypt is once again witnessing another overthrow of the government. This time, it is a democratic elected government. Egyptian masses are not able to comprehend that democratic transitions are always never easy and hasty. Democracy is not an event, it is a process. Democracy is that plant which needs ample time to nurture properly.

I am vexed and flabbergasted at the attitude of Egyptian people. They longed for a democratic government but after its arrival they longed for its departure. But there are several reasons which lead to such movements.

Mohammad Morsi became President on June 30, 2012 by fair elections. Morsi belonged to Muslim Brotherhood which is considered to be a conservative and ideological. So, Morsi tried to mould the constitution and laws into conservative, ideological and Islamic way. The majority of Egypt’s revolutionary class consists of youth, and it is the matter of fact that youth is always radical and liberal. So they properly denounced this act of Morsi and declared it null and void. Secondly, after acquiring power Morsi removed top military brass in order to consolidate his position. And also by passing several ordinances he tried to limit the power of judiciary. Opposition parties and military felt danger that Morsi wanted to centralize the power in his own hand and he may also become autocratic. The economy was also deteriorating in his regime, energy crisis was on zenith and the people were fed up with this poor form of governance. Criticism on human rights was also on peak and the brutal attacks on Coptic Christians and Shias added fuel to the fire.

Due to all these deplorable issues, strikes and resistances emerged against Morsi in Tahrir square and once again they surmounted the so called crisis with the help of Army. On the other hand, Morsi was sinking into the deep sea of despair and at last capitulated.

This creates an ambiguity here whether the masses are so powerful at Tahrir square that they can easily overthrow any government they want or whether there is any foreign hand which is playing a vital role in Arab Spring.


The writer is the student of English Literature in Government College University Lahore and the regular contributor in AL RASUB.

Note: Al-Rasub is not responsible for the writers personal opinion